Science isn't just about what happens in a lab - it's in every corner of your daily living! When you put lotion on your hands or chapstick on your lips, you're taking advantage of science to take care of your body. Using the projects below you can mix up concoctions to make your skin healthier, stronger, and more up to the job of protecting your body. And these all-natural recipes help you avoid the chemicals that are used to help commercial products last longer.
>> Download our At-Home Spa Day Guide for several natural skin and hair-care recipes!
Bath salts do more than simply scent the water in your tub! Make your bath more relaxing and learn about salts and osmosis. (Adult supervision recommended.)
Note: Epsom salt and glycerin can also be found at drug stores.
Rosemary: stimulating, invigorating, deodorizing
Lavender: deodorizing and antibacterial
Chamomile: calmingCalendula: healing
Note: Essential oils have different grades and must never be taken interally or applied directly on the skin. Use as directed.
*Baby soda bottles are ideally sized for storing single use portions of bath salts. If using baby soda bottles, you may find it easiest to fill them using a funnel.
Most likely you found it easier to form lather (and more of it!) when using the water with salt rather than the water with no salt. This is because of the difference between hard water and soft water.
Most households in America have hard water. Hard water has a high mineral content, usually with calcium and magnesium, whereas soft water contains less of these minerals. Calcium and magnesium ions in the hard water react with the soap, forming insoluble gray flakes called soap scum rather than a lather. This means you need more soap to get clean and the bathtub gets a grimy ring around it from the leftover soap scum. One way to soften hard bath water is to add bath salts. The calcium and magnesium ions in the water are replaced with sodium and potassium ions from the salt, allowing the soap to lather much more easily. (If your home has soft water, you may not notice too much of a difference in how well the soap lathers in the water with your bath salts and the water without the bath salts. However, the salt and essential oils will still have a beneficial effect on your skin.)
Another benefit of adding bath salts to your bath has to do with osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water through a membrane (such as your skin) to achieve equilibrium. Your body contains water and salt, whereas an ordinary bath contains mainly water and very little salt. Therefore, water passes through your skin in an effort to balance the concentration of water and salt in you and in your bath. This excess water causes "pruning" (your fingers and toes wrinkle). Adding bath salts to the water causes a more equal balance of salt and water in both you and in the bath, so less water enters your skin and less wrinkling occurs. Salt is also thought to draw impurities and toxins out of your skin and soothes sore muscles!
For further study, try these other fun spa science projects:
Our lips have thin skin that doesn't produce protective oils like the rest of our skin. This means it's very easy for them to dry out with heat and cold and become chapped. Use the following recipe to make a natural lip balm that will moisturize and protect your lips! Most of these ingredients are available online or at health food stores. (Adult supervision recommended.)
Lip balm helps provide a protective layer on the lips that locks moisture in and helps heal chapping. The various ingredients in this lip balm work together to keep your lips soft and moist: