Experiments & Projects
Crystals typically start forming within 1-2 days. They will be microscopic at first, but after 3-4 days you should begin to see small crystals on the string. Crystal formation is finicky and can be affected by a number of variables: temperature, solution concentration, movement of the solution, string thickness, etc.
If you don't see any crystals at all in 10 days, you should probably try again. It is critical that you use a supersaturated solution. If you are doing the experiment with sugar, make the solution by adding more sugar than will dissolve in the boiling water. Stir for at least 10 minutes to make sure the maximum amount of sugar has dissolved. Put the solution into your beaker but do not include the undissolved sugar. Try both a thread and a thicker piece of string suspended in the beaker. Make sure you put the beaker where it will not be bumped or disturbed for several days.
We can never recommend substituting a chemical unless your experiment specifically mentions a certain chemical as a substitute. If you are unable to find the chemical elsewhere, you may want to skip that particular experiment.
Yes. Sodium chloride is the equivalent of table salt.
In most cases, students learn a lot from experiments by working in groups of 2 or 3. For the best hands-on learning, each student should participate in labs. But it is not usually necessary for each student to have all their own materials. If you have a large group of students, consider ordering several kits and dividing the students into smaller groups. With our kit customization option, ordering extra items for our curriculum materials kits is made easy. Simply click the “Customize this Kit” link in the item description and see what lab or chapter each item is used in.
Items in new and unused condition can be returned or exchanged within 90 days of purchase. Some items may not be returned, including hazardous chemicals that have an item name with the prefix UN. Live items may not be returned.
Occasionally due to large quantity orders or inventory discrepancies, an item may be backordered unexpectedly. We will contact you by email or phone to alert you of status changes. Please ensure your email's spam filters allow our emails to get through so that you don't miss these updates. Keep in mind we are often able to assemble our curriculum material kits and HST exclusive kits by the following business day. If you selected a 3-day, 2-day or next day express order we will contact you by phone as soon as we are made aware of the backorder.
It depends. We can issue you a prepaid UPS label for the box used to return your item. The cost is $6.95 (deducted from your refund). Or you can ship items back by the most economical method for you. See our return and exchange policy for more details. If you received an item that was defective or damaged we do not ask you to pay to return it. Please contact us and we will be happy to assist.
If you prefer to place your Home Science Tools order by mail, please download our Order Form and send it along with your check or money order to: Home Science Tools 665 Carbon St Billings, MT, 59102
If you only need some of the items from our curriculum materials kits, you can use the "Customize This Kit" link in the item description of the kit to order individual items. You can also view the Special Order Form of each kit which is linked in the "Contents" tab of the item description on website if you would prefer to print out a copy.
If you're ordering a gift for someone, don't worry about requesting that the receipt be sent to you. We include an itemized packing slip, but not a priced invoice, with all orders. At this time we can only ship to one address, so if you wish to order items for yourself in addition to the gift, you will need to place two orders with your two different shipping addresses.
Our special Order Forms are designed to help customers who are using a specific science course. Each form is an itemized list of the materials you'll need to complete most of the hands-on activities for your curriculum and grade. It also lists the lab number or page number, so you can look at the experiment and know exactly what you need the products for. You can use the order forms to see what is included in our material kits, (everything marked with an 'x'), or you can use them to pick and choose items according to your needs and budget. Each form lists the Home Science Tools item numbers and prices. The same information is also available on the website, simply click the ""Customize this Kit"" link while in the item description of the kit.
Please contact one of our Customer Service Representatives by phone at 1-406-256-0990, by email at [email protected], or by live chat on our website as soon as possible. If you placed the order outside of our normal business hours of 7-6 Mountain time, Monday through Friday, then we will respond to your message when we return to the office.
Sometimes items in our kits do overlap from grade to grade. To make sure that you are not ordering duplicates, you can use the "Customize This Kit" link in the item description of the kit to order individual items. You can also view the Special Order Form of each kit which is linked in the "Contents" tab of the website if you would prefer to print out a copy.
We do not offer gift wrapping services at this time. Items you order are shipped in a brown box with the Home Science Tools logo on the side. A packing list with item and quantity information, but not pricing, will be included in the box when the order is shipped.
We work to maintain warehouse inventory so we can ship complete orders within one day of receiving them. However, sometimes certain items may be backordered. In these cases, we will hold orders shipped by Economy, UPS Ground or Postal Service shipping methods for up to seven days. Orders shipped to Canada may be held for up to 14 days. If the backorder is not expected within a week, two weeks for Canadian shipping, or if you chose 3-day, 2-day or next-day shipping, all in-stock items are shipped immediately and upon their availability.
Backordered items are shipped separately by the least expensive shipping method. We do not charge a separate shipping fee to ship backordered items by this method. If you need the backordered item to be shipped by express service when it comes in, please place a separate order for that item and choose the appropriate shipping method. The date we expect to receive a backordered item is noted on the product description page on our website. We usually ship backordered items within three weeks.
You may cancel backorders any time up to the shipment date. Your credit card is charged when the order is placed, so if you cancel, you will receive a refund for any items that have not shipped. If you have any questions, need part of your order shipped sooner, or want to change this order, please call us at 1-406-256-0990 or email us at [email protected], or live chat with us on our website.
When you place your order, you will receive an e-mail confirmation. This will list the products you ordered. A second e-mail is sent when your order is shipped. There are times when your order may have gone through, but you do not receive any e-mail confirmation due to incorrect e-mail address entry or service provider trouble. In this case, please e-mail us at [email protected], call our Customer Service at 1-800-860-6272 or live chat with us on the website during office hours and one of our representatives will check on the order for you.
With our new kit customization feature, adding or removing items from our kits is made easy! Simply click on the "Customize This Kit" link from the item description in the website in qualifying kits and you will be taken to the customization page. From here you can add or remove items and see optional and recommended items that are not included in the pre-built kit. We let you know what lab or chapter each item is used in to help make it easy for you to decide whether you need it or not.
You can order conveniently from our website:
- Online Ordering: Order directly from the category or product pages in our online store. As you browse, use the Add to Cart button to add items to your shopping cart. Use the Cart link at the top of the page to view or change the items in your cart. Use the Check Out button within your shopping cart to complete your purchase, or just save your cart to complete later. When you check out, you can either sign in using your account with us or check out as a guest.
- Quick Order: Order anything from the Home Science Tools print catalog or our special order forms using our Quick Order feature. Just type in the item number and quantity for each product you wish to order. These items will be entered into your shopping cart where you can see product availability and pricing.
Or place your order by phone, fax, or mail:
- By phone: 7 am to 5 pm Mountain time, Monday - Friday, our phone number is 406-256-0990.
- By fax: Any time, day or night. Our fax number is 406-256-0991.
- By mail: Stick on a stamp and send your order to us: Home Science Tools 665 Carbon St Billings, MT 59102 You can print a copy of our Order Form for fax and mail orders.
For your shopping convenience we accept credit and debit cards from Visa, MasterCard, Discover, and American Express through our secure checkout.
We also accept all PayPal payment methods if you prefer the privacy and flexibility of PayPal checkout.
Home Science Tools is happy to provide open credit accounts to schools, universities, and educational non-profit organizations. Unfortunately, this means we do not extend credit to businesses. Home Science Tools accepts checks, money orders, major credit cards (Visa, MasterCard, Discover, American Express) and PayPal (bank accounts, credit cards, Bill Me Later) as payment for goods from all of our other customers.
Apply for credit and learn more about purchase orders here.
If you qualify for an open credit account, fax us your school purchase order (many teachers include a printout of their cart with the school PO to simplify this step). Our fax number is 888-860-2344. We process orders within 1-2 business days and ship the same day processed in almost all cases. If we have any questions, we will call you. It's that simple. If you have any questions or concerns, call us toll free at 1-800-860-6272 or email [email protected]. We will be happy to assist you.
We do accept Paypal! If you don't want to use a credit card for your order, you now have the option in your shopping cart to check out using PayPal.
Please note that we cannot make changes of any type to a PayPal order, except to cancel it, once it is submitted. Review your items and shipping address carefully before pressing the Finalize Order button.
Yes, it is. Our web site uses SSL technology which is a web standard for creating a secure link to protect your credit card information. In addition, we follow the strict guidelines for credit card security set forth by the major credit card companies in their PCI-DSS compliance standards. For more information, read our Security Policy.
We are not able to accept prepaid gift cards as payment unless they have an associated billing address.
If you would like to mail your order to us, we do accept either checks or money orders as payment. Feel free to print out this Order Form and mail it to us with the appropriate information filled out. With this order form you can included either a check or money order for the total of merchandise and shipping.
Thousands of schools and organizations submit purchase orders with Home Science Tools each year for their science supplies, equipment, and microscopes.
Purchase orders can be submitted by:
Email: [email protected]
Mail: 665 Carbon St, Billings, MT, 59102
Yes, your credit card is charged when you place your order (even if there are items that are backordered). If you have items held on backorder for more than 30 days, our customer service team will contact you to determine if you'd like to cancel that portion of your order (and receive a refund) or continue to wait until the backordered items are available to be shipped.
Home Science Tools warrants our instrument against defects in materials and workmanship for the warranty period from the date of purchase. The warranty period is as follows:
- Home Science Tools brand microscopes – lifetime
- Home Science Tools brand kids microscopes – 5 years
- Mechanical balances – 5 years
- Digital scales – 5 years
- Microscope digital cameras –1 year
- Van de Graaff generators – 1 year
- Other Home Science Tools Branded products – 1 year
- Home Science Tools microscopes sold prior to July 1, 2009 had a five-year warranty.
If you believe you received a defective item please contact us and we will be happy to assist. We are available between 7-6 Mountain time by phone at 1-800-860-6272, by email at [email protected], or by live chat on our website.
Other items may have a warranty from the manufacturer. Please see the documentation that came with the item, or you can contact Home Science Tools for the manufacturer's information.
Each of the chemicals we sell has a storage code on its label. The red storage code means that the chemical is flammable and must only be stored with other flammable chemicals. White signifies corrosives, which must only be stored with other corrosive chemicals. Blue (toxins) and yellow (reactants) can be stored together. These need to be stored away from flammables and corrosives. Note that code blue chemicals are toxic if inhaled or absorbed into skin. Green signifies general storage, meaning that these chemicals can be stored with any other.
The good way to store chemicals in the home is to get three appropriate-sized heavy-duty plastic bins with lids (Rubbermaid containers work well for example) and store your chemicals in them according to the groupings listed above.
Keep them on a shelf out of reach of young children. Although our chemicals are packaged for extended storage, leakage can occur for a variety of reasons. The bins will contain any leakage if it occurs and prevent dissimilar chemicals from reacting with each other. The three bins can be stored next to each other on a shelf providing the lids fit securely on each bin.
You already have chemicals like these stored in and around your home, usually in quantities much larger than the containers we supply. Some common flammable (red) chemicals are nail polish remover and rubbing alcohol. Bleach, drain cleaner, and oven cleaner are common corrosives (white). Toxins (blue) found in most homes include insecticides and weed killer. A common reactant (yellow) is hydrogen peroxide.
Please see our Chemical Safety Teaching Tip for other important information about using chemicals.
Every local government has different regulations regarding the disposal of hazardous chemicals. Please call your local Poison Control Center or Waste Disposal Department for instructions applicable to your location.
The chemicals we sell are harmful if misused. When you order them you are verifying that you are at least 21 years of age, that you understand the hazards associated with these items, and that you are assuming all responsibility for any injuries or damages resulting from the storage, use, and disposal of these items.
We do not sell chemicals in large amounts; the only package sizes we offer are those listed in our catalog and on this website. There are some companies who provide chemicals in bulk amounts for public schools; you can try a search for these online.
24/29 is the measurement of the connections of ground glass labware. The smallest end of the taper is 24mm, the largest is 29mm. This is an industry-wide sizing and all 24/29 connections will fit together, regardless of where they have been purchased. Some advantages of ground glass labware include having an all-glass containment system so there are no additional connecting pieces that could possibly react with solutions, and that a vacuum can be created and held within that environment. Use vacuum grease to lubricate and seal ground glass connections.
Even though there have been very few changes in content between the two editions, we do not recommended this. The first edition solutions manual will not correlate with the second edition textbook.
Please see the following page in our learning center for helpful reviews, summaries, and information on choosing a homeschool science curriculum.
Choosing a Science Curriculum
Sometimes curriculum publishers come out with special curriculum programs that are not identical to their main curriculum. We usually design our science kits to be compatible with the main curriculum, so sometimes our kits won't match the activities in the special curriculum.
Our Bob Jones science kits were designed to match the activities in the Bob Jones text curriculum, not those in the Bob Jones Distance Learning program. However, we do have order forms specifically for the Distance Learning high school courses. These list the lab materials you'll need, along with our item numbers, so you can order easily.
The kit and special order form we provide for the Bob Jones Chemistry course are for the 'Home School and Small Christian School' edition of the lab manual. It looks like you ordered items off the special order form we provide for this edition of the lab manual but you are using the 'Christian Schools' edition of the lab manual. This is a much more rigorous manual that uses many more chemicals and pieces of equipment.
We do have the chemicals and equipment needed for this edition of the lab manual in our catalog and on our website but we do not offer a special order form or kit that supports it. If you plan to use this lab manual, you will need to spend the time going through the teacher's lab manual to determine what you need and then order those items individually.
The Module Reviews, Tests, and Answers are on a separate password-protected CD (included in the package) for the parent. To give a test to your student, you'll need to print out a hard copy.
The Switched-on Schoolhouse curriculum for seventh grade does not have activities that require lab materials, so we do not provide a science kit for this course. However, we do supply a list of optional items that can be used to supplement the curriculum in order to enhance your child's learning experience. Please see our special Switched-on Schoolhouse 7 Order Form for details.
Yes; the MicroChem Kit is the one Dr. Wile recommends as a supplement if you desire to do experiments in addition to those in the textbook. We offer a science kit (AM-KTCHEM) designed specifically to go with the Apologia chemistry course, which will have the items you need to complete the experiments in the textbook.
The Real Science 4 Kids curriculum and R.E.A.L Science Odyssey curriculum are both excellent choices for giving your elementary kids a solid science foundation. With similar names — and great content in both — it can be hard to make a choice between them. Here's a quick overview of the similarities and differences between them to help you pick the one that's best for your family.
|Curriculum:||Real Science 4 Kids||R.E.A.L. Science Odyssey|
|Uses Scientific Method & Science Vocabulary?||Yes||Yes|
|Time to Complete:||10-14 weeks per course||Full school year per course|
|Hands-on Labs?||Yes — 1 per lesson||Yes — 2-3 per lesson|
|Textbook Style:||Colorful illustrations, kid-friendly||Designed for parent to teach child with|
|Other Differences:||More reading oriented. Individual student & teacher books||More activity oriented. All-in-one course book with reproducible pages|
Our kits include the harder to find items. We sometimes exclude larger items, like microscopes, or items that require scheduling, like live items, due to cost. You can view the "Customize This Kit" page or the Special Order Form in the description of each kit on the website to see items that we do not include in the pre-made kit. We do not include common household items.
Most of the science curriculum we support and sell is written from a Christian, creationist view. However we do offer worldview-neutral curriculum that supports Christian and secular values: Focus ON | Real Science 4 Kids and R.E.A.L. Science Odyssey. If you are looking for something else, we suggest the Calvert curriculum or OdysseyWare (which offers 'character-based' curriculum).
The materials kits that we supply are updated to the latest edition of each curriculum. For the most part newer edition kits are not compatible with previous curriculum. We do not stock kits for older editions, however we have Special Order Forms for previous editions of kits that you can use to reference and order individual items from. Contact us and we would be happy to send you one.
With our new kit customization feature, adding or removing items from our kits is made easy! Simply click on the "Customize This Kit" link from the item description in the website in qualifying kits and you will be taken to the customization page. From here you can add or remove items and see optional and recommended items that are not included in the pre-built kit. We let you know what lab or chapter each item is used in to help make it easy for you to decide whether you need it or not.
In sealed, original packaging, our preserved specimens are guaranteed to remain fully preserved and free of decay for six months from the date of purchase.
Once the original package is opened, use specimen within one month. For best results, observe the following storage procedures:
- Store specimen in heavy-duty, zip-lock bags to minimize drying between dissections.
- Specimen will slowly dry out or become contaminated in zip-lock bags; add a teaspoon of Specimen Holding Fluid to retain moisture.
- Freezing or refrigeration is not necessary and may damage fragile tissues.
Occasionally we do get specimens that look normal when we receive them from our supplier, but for one reason or another the internal tissue is not preserved. These specimens can decompose over time and become unusable. If you do get a specimen like this, or suspect that your specimen isn't right, please call us immediately at 1-800-860-6272. We will be happy to send you a replacement or refund you for the cost of the specimens.
Our preserved specimens do not need to be refrigerated. They are well-preserved and will not decay. Keep them in a sealed plastic bag to prevent drying out. Though they are preserved indefinitely, we recommend using them within six months for best tissue quality. Sometimes specimens will discolor over time. This is normal and does not indicate decay.
The specimens described as 'double injected' have red latex injected into the arteries and blue latex injected into the veins for easy detection and identification. 'Single injected' specimens have one color of latex injected into all blood vessels.
If you will be using the specimens within a month you can re-seal the specimens in a ziploc bag or other tightly closed plastic bag. You can add a little water, glycerin or a holding fluid if the liquid has completely drained away. We include a few tablespoons of fluid in the specimen bags to keep them moist. They are fully preserved and it is not necessary for them to be submersed in a fluid. The bags are not vacuum packed and it is normal to have some air in the bags.
If you will not be dissecting your specimens within a month or if the fluid has leaked onto other items that cannot be wiped off, please contact us by phone at 1-800-860-6272, by email at [email protected], or by live chat on our website and we will be happy to make it right.
Home Science Tools is committed to providing dissection specimens to our customers consistently and affordably. There are times that our access to reliable sources for dissections specimens will be affected by unforeseen issues. When specimens aren’t able to be reliably sourced in a reasonable amount of time we may need to limit the ability to order this item on our website until we can resolve the issue. Please contact one our knowledgeable, friendly customer service representatives regarding future availability if a specimen you need is not available.
Once you open the original specimen bag we recommend dissecting the specimen within one month for optimum results. They can be re-sealed in a ziploc or other tightly closed plastic bag. You can add some holding fluid, water, or glycerin in the bag to keep the specimens moist.
We sell our quantity-discount specimens in a 10-pack, as that is how we are able to offer the lower price. Therefore, if you order 14 cow eyes, you'll get a vacuum pack of 10, plus four individually packaged ones. When kept in their original bags we guarantee the specimens for six months. Once the bags are opened we recommend using them within one month for best results. They can be re-sealed in a ziploc or other tightly closed plastic bag. You can add some holding fluid, like our item #CH-HOLDFLD, or water or glycerin in the bag to keep the specimens moist.
Life Science & Biology
Fertile eggs are extremely delicate and can be easily ruined. A perfectly good egg may not hatch if it is turned wrong end up or if the egg is shaken. However, an important step in hatching is to turn the eggs. To keep the egg's yolk in place, a mother chicken frequently reaches underneath her body and turns her eggs with her beak. This is because the yolk tends to float toward the shell. If the egg lies too long in one position, the white separates and allows the yolk to break through, pressing the embryo against the shell and killing it. By changing the position of the eggs, the mother avoids this.
When hatching your eggs you will need to carefully follow the incubating instructions for your type of egg, so that the eggs are turned properly. For additional information, see our Incubator Science Lesson.
If you want just one insect pin size for general collecting, we recommend size 2 pins. However, if you are more serious about entomology, you might want to order several sizes to get the best results when pinning your collection.
Here are some general guidelines for which size of pins to order:
- Size 0 - for small insects (less than 0.5' body size) and butterflies with very light bodies.
- Size 2 - for small to medium insects (0.5-1.5' body size) and general purpose pinning.
- Size 4 - for medium insects (1-2' body size).
- Size 6 - for large insects and beetles (2' or larger body size).
We carry three different types of pins:
- For beginners or for students putting together a collection as a project, we recommend the inexpensive Home Science Tools pins, made in China of stainless steel with nylon heads. These are a good-quality pin that will not rust even in humid climates.
- For professional or experienced amateur use, we recommend better-quality black enamel pins. These pins are made in the Czech Republic and are of the same European quality that has been consistently preferred by professional entomologists around the world.
- For those who want the highest quality, we recommend Bohemia pins, made out of stainless steel. Also made in the Czech Republic, these pins are of fine European quality and they will not rust even in humid climates.
To pin an insect, firmly poke the pin through the upper mid-right of the back of the thorax.
'LD' specifies that an item is a live drop. Our supplier sends the living material (such as pill bugs) directly to you. You must specify a delivery date (Wednesday through Friday only) that is at least 7 days later than the day we receive your order. An additional $13 shipping charge applies to each delivery date you specify. These items are shipped in the continental US only. The only two 'LD' items that do not require the delivery date or extra $13 are LD-INCUBAT, the incubator with quail eggs, and LD-QUAILWB8, the 8 quail eggs.
The instructions say, 'When your chick gets too big for the house, DO NOT TURN THEM LOOSE. If you do not have the facilities to care for them, give them to a local hatchery, farm, Humane Society, feed or pet dealer.' The incubator will come with complete hatching instructions and information on caring for your chicks when they hatch. For additional information, see our Incubator Science Lesson.
The quail eggs stay dormant until the incubation process starts. Warmth will not be a issue until you actually start incubating the eggs. For additional information on this topic, see our Incubator Science Lesson.
The whole process takes approximately 3 weeks. Once you receive your larvae it will take 7-10 days for the caterpillars to change into chrysalides. From there it will take 7-10 days for them to emerge as butterflies. Once they are butterflies you can release them at any time.
To redeem the coupon for any of our living material kits (such as the Butterfly Garden), all you need to do is fill out the shipping information and when you would like it to arrive and then send it in. If you give the kit as a gift, the recipients should be able to redeem the coupon themselves.
We generally do not recommend that younger students work with the incubators unsupervised. Due to the specific and delicate care that the eggs must receive, we recommend adult supervision for the younger through middle grades/ages. A few of the elements that require consistent monitoring are temperature, the turning of the eggs, location of egg incubator as well as others.
With proper care, there is a high likelihood that one or more of the frog embryos will grow to adult frogs. African water frog adults live entirely in water and grow to be 2-3' long. Leopard frog adults need both water and a place out of the water. They grow up to 3-4'.
If you no longer wish to raise your frogs, we do not recommend releasing frogs into the wild because they may adversely affect the native amphibian population. Please contact your local Fish, Wildlife & Parks Department to inquire about any local laws regarding release in your area.
However, you may also contact local pet stores or check to see if a school /daycare might appreciate a class pet. You could also advertise on an online classified ad such as Craig's List to see if there are any locals interested in keeping them as a pet.
Yes, is possible to keep the quails as pets as long as you have an adequate place to keep them. The females generally reach 8-10' tall, while males tend to be smaller at about 6-8'. The instructions included with the incubator will provide you with more information on caring for and raising the baby quails once they have hatched.
The successful hatching rate for quail eggs in the incubator with four eggs or the pack of eight eggs is typically 25-75%. However, due to many variables beyond our control, successful hatching rates are not guaranteed. If your eggs don't hatch, get replacements sent directly from our supplier by sending a request and $2 for shipping to:
GQF 2343 Louisville Rd.
Savannah, GA. 31415-1619
This replacement policy is only valid if you used our incubator or a commercial quality incubator and you carefully followed all instructions for hatching quail eggs with your incubator each day of the incubation period.
Stereo microscopes are best used to view whole objects at low power. For young children it is possible to see some amount of detail on a prepared slide using a stereo microscope, but the low power and lack of fine focus make it insufficient for more advanced studies in life science or biology. For high school it is necessary to have a compound (high power) microscope.
How should I clean the optics on my microscope?
Use a spray lens cleaning solution and lens cleaning tissue to keep the optics on your microscope free from smudges. Spray solution on the tissue paper and gently wipe the ends of the objective lenses and eyepiece. You can also use eyeglass cleaner or our complete Microscope Cleaning Kit. Clean microscope slides in the same way. (For plain slides that you want to reuse, you can wash with soap and water.)
What is the black line I see when I look through my microscope eyepiece?
Some of our high-power microscopes come with a built-in pointer so that a person viewing a slide can easily direct someone else where to look for a specific feature. This pointer appears as a black line across half of the field of view. To move the pointer, just turn the top of the eyepiece.
I can't find the serial number on my Advanced microscope. Where is it located?
The serial number is on the stage stop--the small bar between the stage and the arm of the microscope--on the side that faces the stage.
A mechanical stage is a helpful tool that provides precise slide movement, allowing you to easily scan your slide and see the whole specimen thoroughly. While this item is not necessary, it makes slide viewing much easier and will probably give you the best experience using your microscope.
All of our microscope slides are professional-quality and are handmade and hand-stained (usually with multiple stains, so you can see different tissue types and cell details more clearly).
In most cases the specimens are arranged on the slide to demonstrate the highest level of tissue or specimen detail without you having to scan the slide. See our paramecium slide for an example - it shows three stages of fission in a single field of view at 100x.
In addition, specimens are hand-selected so that you get only the best representatives, not ones that are missing important parts.
First, the pair of stage clips must be removed before you can install the mechanical stage. The stage clip screws are torqued in tightly. You will need to use a Phillips screwdriver with a #2 tip to remove them. Be careful to not strip the screw heads.
The mechanical stage attaches to the other three holes (located between the holes for the stage clips) predrilled in the microscope stage. There is only one way the stage will fit these three holes. The two pins on the bottom of the mechanical stage fit into the smaller holes on each side of the threaded center hole. Align the mechanical stage pins with these two holes and seat it firmly against the microscope stage.
Finally, secure the mechanical stage to the microscope stage by tightening the setscrew located in the center of the stage. This setscrew attaches to the threaded third hole in the microscope stage. You need to tighten the setscrew securely to keep the mechanical stage from moving on the microscope stage.
That's really all there is to it! This can be done in less than five minutes.
For most families, our Home Microscope is the best option. We have specifically designed it to meet the needs of homeschools or families who just want a good microscope for their kids. It has a great low price, is easy to use, and has quality optics that produce clear images suitable for high school level work. If you have a limited budget and only want to make one microscope purchase, the Home Microscope is an excellent choice.
High power or compound microscopes are designed for viewing microscope slides containing cells and other microscopic specimens. Low power stereo microscopes are built for examining whole objects such as bugs, flowers, shells, etc. Very few curricula will call for a low power microscope, while almost all life science and biology studies require a high power microscope. Low power microscopes, however, are often very helpful for young children to examine the world around them.
Please read our How to Select a Microscope article for more information about individual microscopes.
No, we do not sell any microscopes with a magnification above 1000x. The maximum resolving power of a compound light microscope limits magnification to about 1500x. However, the optical quality and specialized illumination system required to produce reasonable resolution above 1000x is available only in the highest quality compound microscopes with prices starting above $2000. While some manufacturers of less expensive microscopes will provide 15x or 16x eyepieces with their microscope and claim 1500x or 1600x magnification, the resolution is inadequate at these magnifications. All of our microscopes are designed for educational or laboratory work with good resolution at a maximum magnification of 1000x. We do not sell higher magnification eyepieces to push our microscopes beyond the intent of design and function.
Our microscopes are all made in China. Virtually all educational microscopes we know of are made in China or India because of the low cost of labor. In one or two cases the parts are made in China and the microscopes are assembled in the US or another country. The Indian microscopes are usually of inferior quality.
The National Optical and Home Science Tools microscopes we carry are made in factories in China that US companies have worked closely with for many years. These modern factories follow good labor practices and provide crucial employment and livelihood for hundreds of Chinese people, including Chinese Christians. There is no prison labor in free factories like these.
Boycotting Chinese products is promoted by some groups in order to pressure the Chinese government to correct human rights abuses, especially using prison labor in factories. Unfortunately, this type of boycott is ineffective and unjust to the people of China. The Chinese people, including the millions of Chinese Christians, are the ones that suffer when products are boycotted and factories cut back or are closed. A US product boycott by itself will never put enough pressure on the Chinese government to change their human rights abuses because the global market for Chinese products is so huge. All it does is hurt individual families who may lose or never get employment. Sustained economic growth in China is a good thing for expanding the gospel and obtaining additional freedom for our Chinese brothers.
The abbreviations after the name of the slide indicate the type of mount.
w.m. stands for "whole mount," meaning that the entire specimen was placed on the slide.
c.s. stands for "cross section," meaning that a small cross section of the specimen was sliced off and placed on the slide.
l.s. stands for "longitudinal section," meaning that the specimen was cut lengthwise and placed on the side.
See our selection of microscope prepared slides to find the slides you need!
The best stain to use for a squamous epithelium smear is methylene blue, which stains the acidic parts of a cell (like the nucleus) in animal, plant, and blood specimens.
To make your own squamous epithelium slide, you'll need a plain microscope slide, coverslip, toothpick, and methylene blue. Use the toothpick to gently scrape along the inside of your cheek. Smear the collected cells over the middle of the slide and let it air dry, then add a drop of the stain and cover with a coverslip. Scan under low power on your microscope to locate the cells, then observe more closely under high power.
The high-quality prepared microscope slides we offer have been carefully made to give long service. We recommend the following to protect your slide investment:
Never exert pressure on the coverslip. The resins used in attaching the coverslip remain semi-fluid, hardening only at the edge. Vertical pressure can crush the specimen and break the coverslip. Lateral pressure can dislodge the coverslip. Use extreme care in cleaning your slides.
Store slides in a dark, cool place in a horizontal position. Some whole mounts contain specimens so small that the specimens can drift to the edge of the coverslip if stored vertically. Also, slides stored vertically in a warm room can leak resin from beneath the coverslip. The stains used are nearly permanent and demonstrate little fading after 20 years if stored properly. However, slides left exposed to sunlight or excessively hot lights can fade quickly.
Quality prepared microscope slides are expensive items. Treat them with care and they will serve you many years.
To clean plain glass slides, use soap and water.
The microscopes we sell are a great value, combining excellent quality with affordable prices. Frank Schaner, founder and president of Home Science Tools, has decades of experience evaluating microscopes to make sure we provide our customers with the best microscopes for the money. Over the years he has carefully examined dozens of microscope models from competing manufacturers. In the process, he found that the optical quality, mechanical operation, finish, and cleanliness of National Optical microscopes were superior to comparable microscopes with similar specifications.
Frank has also carefully developed specifications with select factories in China for our own Home Science Tools line of microscopes, which, like National Optical models, meet high standards for optical quality and mechanical reliability - yet at lower prices. While it is possible to find cheaper microscopes, we are confident that you won't find a better-quality microscope for your money.
Each of our microscopes meets rigorous quality assurance requirements and three levels of inspection. At the factory each microscope undergoes an internal inspection. Then, before shipment to the US, it is unpacked and checked a second time by an independent inspector. Finally, upon arrival at our warehouse, each microscope is unpacked again and carefully inspected and adjusted by a qualified technician. This level of quality assurance means that your microscope will function perfectly right out of the box.
In addition to low prices and great quality, we also provide knowledgeable customer service and extensive online articles and resources to help you enjoy learning with your microscope for many years.
If you are not 100% satisfied with your microscope purchase from us, you're welcome to return it with our 90-day Return Policy!
The shelf life on chemicals and biological stains is typically several years to indefinitely. Shelf life is dependent on storage conditions so we cannot provide more specific guidance nor can we guarantee shelf life. If you have doubts about a particular chemical or stain, we suggest testing it by performing the critical part of your experiment in advance.
We carry the following biological stains:
If you are looking for a less expensive option than buying your own new microscope, we recommend that you check with a local homeschool group or private school. Sometimes they have used microscopes for sale. Also, other homeschoolers might be interested in sharing a microscope (including the costs).
We now have a set of updated drivers available for customers who have purchased the MI-DC1300, MI-DC3000 or MI-DC5000 digital cameras. These drivers provide much greater control over white balance and image color and they allow you to correct any 'hot' pixels.
If you are experiencing technical difficulties with your camera, or would like to update your drivers to the most current version, please contact customer service at 1-800-860-6272 or email us at [email protected] for further information.
Yes! You can save an additional 5% off our already low microscope prices by getting a friend to buy one at the same time. Buy two or more microscopes at the same time and save 5%. To receive this discount, microscopes must be on one order, placed at one time, shipped to one address at the same time, and paid with one payment method.
Problem: Balance does not zero, but swings freely up and down
Solution: To zero the balance, slide each weight along the beam to the left, until it fits into the V-notch on the beam at the '0' position. Turn the knurled zero adjustment knob (under the pan) clockwise to move the pointer up and turn it counterclockwise to move the pointer down until the balance is zeroed.
If you have to adjust the knob all the way out and the pointer still doesn't point to the zero mark, then weight needs to be added to calibrate the balance. To do this, unscrew the pan by turning it counterclockwise. Underneath is a small reservoir which holds some adjustment weights. Add small washers (for extra weight) one or two at a time. Reattach the pan and check the balance for zero. Continue this trial-and-error process, adding washers as necessary, until the pointer zeroes.
If the knob is turned all the way in and the pointer still doesn't zero, the weight needs to be reduced. Unscrew the pan and remove one of the small weights from the bottom of the reservoir. Reattach the pan and check the balance for zero. Continue this trial-and-error process, removing weights as necessary, until the pointer zeroes.
Problem: The pointer does not move freely up and down and the pointer does not touch the sides of the dampening system
Solution: Check to see if the pan and beam assembly is positioned correctly on the agate bearings which it rocks on. To do this, remove the four silver metal caps under the pan (two on each side). Do this by pushing upward on each cap--you might need to wedge the tip of a standard screwdriver in at the bottom of the cap and then push it upward. Under each cap is a small steel plate and behind the plate is an agate bearing. It is a small semi-translucent piece with a 'V' notched in it at one end. This is what the balance rocks back and forth on. See if the balance knife-edges (triangular shaped bars) are set in each bearing V-notch. If the agate bearing is broken or missing, it needs to be replaced so that the balance will work properly. Call us to get a replacement. If the bearings are not broken, make sue the V-notch points up and set the knife-edge on the notch. Then replace the plate and caps and zero the balance again.
Problem: The pointer touches the sides of the dampening system, which causes the arm to stick.
Solution: This occurs when the pan and beam assembly is slightly out of adjustment on the balance base. The easiest way to adjust it is to have a helper hold tightly the base of the balance. Then, firmly grasp the two bearing covers located under the pan (one on each side) and nearest the '0' on the beam with the thumb and forefingers of each hand. Being careful to put pressure only on the bearing covers or the Y-shaped yoke underneath them, twist the pan/beam assembly slightly in the direction needed so the pointer no longer rubs on the dampening system. The pointer should now float freely within the dampening system.
If you are unable to move the pan/beam assembly in this way, then you will need to first loosen the lock nut. To do this you need a pair of pliers (needle-nosed pliers work best) or a 7/8' open end wrench. Turn over the balance. You will see a 7/8' hex nut under the set of bearing covers closest to the '0' on the beam. This needs to be loosened and then retightened. Loosen the hex nut by turning it counterclockwise. Then set the balance upright and move the pointer bar until it no longer touches either side of the dampening system. To keep the pointer from moving while you tighten the hex nut, wedge cardboard on either side until the pointer is firmly centered. Then turn the balance upside down again and tighten the hex nut.
Problem: The pan is loose and wobbles
Solution: Unscrew the pan by turning it counterclockwise. Remove the weights from the small reservoir. Under the weights is a screw. This needs to be tightened with a standard screwdriver. Once that is tightened, put back the weights and screw the pan back on. Zero the balance again if necessary.
For a lamp designed for safest lab use (it's tip-resistant and has a push-button igniter), we recommend getting the portable micro lab burner.
While it is possible to use a stove to heat materials for lab experiments, this is not recommended. Your experiments will be more difficult, as you do not want to put your glass beakers directly on the gas flame or the burner (for electric stoves) - you will need to put them in a pan with some water in the bottom. Instead of an expensive Bunsen burner, we recommend using a low-cost alcohol lamp.
Promos & Pricing
No, at this time we do not offer any wholesale pricing. Some discounts are available for buying large quantities of an item; you'll see these discounts on our product pages and in your shopping cart when you add large quantities of a discounted item.
We have special offers going on all the time! The best way to find out about these sales is to sign up for our e-mails. You can sign up anytime.
Enjoy savings each month when you sign up for our emails. Get an email every month with our current special subscriber offers: discounts, free shipping, and more! This is the best way to be kept up-to-date on Home Science Tools sales. You can also save on all the items in our Sale category —go there now to see what new items are available at a marked-down price!"
Home Science Tools (HST) prints its catalog a few times per year; we also deeply committed to providing the highest quality products at competitive prices. Recently, the US Government imposed tariffs on foreign goods; these tariffs have impacted our ability to sell the same product at the previously established price.
Tariffs or duties are taxes assessed on imports of foreign goods, paid by the importer to the U.S. government, and collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).1 Current U.S. tariff rates may be found in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) maintained by the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC).2
We aren’t sure; the Trump administration is currently investigating putting tariffs on additional items, as well as additional tariffs on Chinese products imported into the US.
A tariff is a tax imposed by a government on goods and services imported from other countries that serves to increase the price and make imports less desirable, or at least less competitive, versus domestic goods and services. Tariffs are generally introduced as a means of restricting trade from particular countries or reducing the importation of specific types of goods and services.
Increased tariffs also tend to lead to increased regulatory activity at ports of entry. This adds extra layers of red tape and processing time. Expect to hear about many more packages being held up in customs for inspections and/or the assessment of additional fees.
When an item is "drop shipped" it means that it is shipped from a different location than our warehouse in Billings, Montana. The transit time and delivery date will be different than the estimate given during checkout on the website. The transit time and any other shipping and handling fees will be noted in the item's description page on our website.
Chemicals over 100ml or 100g with the 'UN' prefix, such as 'UN-ALCFUEL' are designated hazardous by the US Department of Transportation. These items can only ship via Economy or Ground Service to a street address in the 50 United States. Any item with this restriction will have a note in its item description on the website.
Free shipping applies on orders totaling $99.00 or more before shipping cost. Free shipping is for Economy shipping method only. Economy shipping is available to the 48 contiguous states and a street address is required. Some large or drop shipped products cannot be shipped Economy. Not valid on International orders.
To review a product:
- Log into your HST account and go to that product page on our website. Use the search box or the menu on the left to find the item you wish to review.
- Scroll to the bottom of the product page and click Write a Review.
- Fill out the form to rate the product with 1-5 stars and share your experience using it.
- If you have any questions or concerns about a product or order, please call us at 1-800-860-6272 or email us at [email protected] and we'll be glad to help!
- Please only rate products that you ordered from us and have used personally. (Reviews of products that you are thinking of purchasing do not qualify for the drawing.)
We value your feedback and so do other shoppers!
Although we try our best to have an error-free website, we do make occasional errors. We reserve the right to contact you and correct pricing or other errors prior to fulfilling your order.
For security purposes account passwords are provided by email when you initially register with us. If you did not receive a password, it is possible that you made a typographical error while entering your email address. Please go to My Account and request that your account password be sent to you. If your email address is registered with us, your password will be e-mailed to you immediately. If you do not receive an e-mail or get an error message, then your email address is may not be registered with us, or the email address may have been misspelled. If you don't receive a new password please feel free to contact customer service at 1-800-860-6272 during business hours (or chat with us) and we can assist you with verifying the account.
If you only signed up with your e-mail address for e-mail updates, then you will not have a password. You are welcome to register with us using the full sign-up under the same e-mail address or a different one.
If you are trying to sign into your account but only return to a blanked-out user name and password screen, check your browser's settings. Most likely you have your privacy settings at 'Block all cookies,' meaning that our website (as well as other commercial sites or e-mail services) will not work properly for you. The temporary 'session cookies' that we use allow us to track your activity only during your visit to our site. All of your personal information will be kept safe as promised in our privacy & security policy.
You can enable the sign in process by lowering your browser settings to 'High' (which will still block most cookies and maintain a good privacy level) or any lower level. If you're using Internet Explorer, adjust your settings using the following steps: click on Tools > Internet Options, choose the Privacy tab, and slide the privacy settings bar down to 'High' or lower. Apply the changes and you should be good to go.
If you do not feel comfortable adjusting your browser's privacy settings, then you are welcome to call in your order at 1-800-860-6272 or mail it to our physical address.
If you have problems opening a pdf document, such as our Special Order Forms, please check your version of Acrobat Reader (open the program, choose Help, and then About Acrobat Reader). Early versions may not work with our site. If you have an old version, we recommend that you download a free copy of the newest version from the Adobe site. If you still have problems, please contact us and we will e-mail, mail, or fax the form you need.
If you wish to quote a Home Science Tools article for a school assignment or some other purpose, you are welcome to do so! You will need to include a citation in your bibliography. Here is the format of a typical online citation when the author is not named:
"Article name." Site name. Date Accessed .
"What is the Scientific Method?" Home Science Tools. Accessed 21 September 2012
To change your address, please go to My Account and then choose the link to manage your shipping addresses. Edit your old address and replace it with the new one. The information will go directly to us and we'll change that address in our database. If you have any difficulty changing the address in your account give us a call at 1-800-860-6272 or email us and we'll be glad to do it for you.
We provide all of the SDS for our chemicals on our website. To access this information, look up the particular chemical that you need in our product catalog and look in the "More Information:" box on the Details tab. The last link in the series will be titled "SDS Information (PDF)".
You will need the Adobe Reader program to view these files. If you do not currently have this program installed on your system, you can download it free of charge at www.adobe.com.
You can set up a user account on homesciencetools.com in just a minute and after that you'll benefit every time you visit our site. Here's a quick look at the advantages of creating an account:
- Faster Checkout. Why waste time filling out the same information every time you order? When you set up an account, we'll keep your address on file for you.
- View Order Status. Need to check on an order you just placed? Can't remember what lab equipment you purchased last fall or the gift you gave your niece? With your own account you can review your past orders anytime.
Register Today ... You can register from anywhere in our online store by clicking the My Account button at the top of the page. For the most convenient shopping, be sure to log into your account when you come back!
Home Science Tools will not share or exchange online information that you provide us (including e-mail addresses).
All personal information you submit on this site is secure. All financial information submitted is encrypted.
To update your email address or password simply log into your online account and follow the prompts from the home screen. You can reset your password from the sign in page. Be sure and check your spam or junk folder if you don’t receive the email for resetting your password. If for any reason you are not able to log into your account or reset your password please don’t hesitate to contact us, we would be happy to assist. You can reach us by phone at 1-800-860-6272, by email at [email protected], or by live chat on our website during office hours.